Adolphe FEDER (born Aizik Feder)

ODESSA (UKRAINE) 1885 – DEPORTED TO AUSCHWITZ 1943

After participating in the Bundist revolutionary movement, Adolphe Feder, the son of a merchant, left for Berlin. He then attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Geneva. He went to Paris in 1908, studied at the Académie Julian and in Henri Matisse’s studio. He adapted well to Paris, where he spent time at La Rotonde café and met Othon Friesz, Modigliani, and Jacques Lipchitz. Feder was an art lover and collected African and Naive art. His studio counted many sculptures and paintings bought at the flea market. His collection was confiscated during the war.

In 1923, he published drawings in the press and illustrated several books, including works by Joseph Kessel and Arthur Rimbaud. That same year, he organized a reception in honor of the Russian poet Vladimir Mayakovsky, which left a mark on Parisian bohemian society. Together with Mikhail Larionov and Ossip Zadkine, he was one of the most active members of the Russian Artists Association, which brought together the Russian artists living at La Ruche. Adolphe Feder enjoyed traveling and visited the south of France, Brittany, the Basque Country, and Algeria.

He went to Palestine in 1926, from where he brought back several paintings and drawings. He refused to flee with his friend the sculptor Jacques Loutchansky and stayed in Paris during the Occupation. He and his wife were arrested on June 4, 1942. After being interned for four months in the Cherche-Midi prison, he was transferred to Drancy and deported on February 13, 1943 on convoy number 48. He was murdered in Auschwitz. His wife managed to run away with an album of drawings he had done in Drancy.