Fernand Vago-Weiss’s parents were furniture merchants. He studied sculpture at the School of Fine Arts in Budapest. In 1917, he was enlisted in the Austro-Hungarian army and stopped his studies. In 1918, he returned to his hometown and dedicated his time to his artistic activity. He lived in Berlin from 1920 to 1923, before moving to Paris. He spent time in Montparnasse, especially at Le Dôme. When the war broke out, he joined the French Army.

On August 24, 1941, Fernand Vago-Weiss was arrested in 7 impasse du Rouet. He was interned in Drancy, where he drew on small pieces of paper. His editor Pierre Moton tried in vain to release him. He was deported in July 1942. He was murdered by the Nazis.