Max Band grew up in an orthodox family. He lost his father when he was three years old; his mother died two years later. In 1917, he worked as a drawing teacher. The school’s head teacher recognized his talent and sent him to Berlin. There, he saw for the first time the works by great masters which he only knew through reproductions. He lived in Germany for three years (1920-1923) and studied painting at a free academy. Max Band arrived in Paris in 1923.

In 1926, he visited New York for the first time on the occasion of an exhibition at the J.B. Newman gallery. The artist visited New York a second time (1933-1934) on the occasion of another exhibition at the Jacques Seligmann gallery in 1934. He went back to France and often traveled to Berlin. From 1940; he lived between France and New York where he settled permanently in 1954.