Simon GLATZER

DUBNA (RUSSIA) 1890 – AIX-EN-PROVENCE (FRANCE) 1945

Simon Glatzer studied painting at the Vilnius Academy of Arts and left for Paris in 1914. He studied at the Cormon studio in Paris and at the Académie de la Grande-Chaumiere. During World War I, he fought with the troops of foreign fighters alongside the French army. In 1920, he acquired French nationality and exhibited with success at Parisian salons throughout the interwar period.

In 1941, he was wanted by the Gestapo and sought refuge with a psychiatrist friend at Sainte-Anne hospital. In order to save him, his friend had him committed under a fake name. Thus, he spent close to three years in a hospital with mentally ill patients. During that time, he kept painting with makeshift equipment provided by his doctor friend. He was given paper, colored pencils, and pastels. Two months before the Liberation, he escaped to Aixen- Provence. Simon Glatzer’s painting was marked by his committal period. He inserted Hebrew letters in his compositions and took an interest in engraving and miniatures.