January 3, 2019
January 3, 2019

Adolphe MILICH


At the age of thirteen, Adolphe Milich worked as a sign writer. A fire ruined his father, who was a shopkeeper. He moved to Lodz where he became a teacher, in order to provide for his family. From 1902 to 1904, Milich moved to Warsaw and Munich where he attended the School of Fine Arts. He studied under the painter Frantz von Stuck in 1903. One day, in Munich, he met Pascin by chance, who worked as a draftsman for Simplicissimus. He advised him to go to Paris but Milich dreamed of discovering Italy. He visited Rome, Florence, and Venice. In order to earn his living, he produced drawings for his colleagues who sold them under their name. He went to Warsaw, as he was supposed to be drafted; however, he was discharged from service due to his short stature.

In 1909, he spent a few months in Paris and studied at Castelucho’s studio. He was influenced by the great masters’ art and drew antique sculptures. He criticized modern painters for their lack of technique. In 1910, he left for Madrid, where he visited museums and copied Velázquez and Goya’s paintings for a German collector. In 1911, he traveled to Rome. He was a society portraitist and protested against the anti-Semitic sentiments that were expressed at a salon. In 1915, he went to Lugano, Switzerland. Back in Paris in 1920, Milich settled in Montparnasse. He was a loner, liked to stroll around the Louvre, and spent every summer in Sanary until 1927.

In the summer of 1931, he stayed at La Ciotat. He was an art collector and took an interest in Degas’ paintings and Charles Despiau’s and Jacques Loutchansky’s sculptures. In 1934, the Musée du Jeu de Paume in Paris acquired his paintings, which were exhibited in the great hall of the museum. In 1937, he participated in the International Exhibition and was awarded the bronze medal. In 1940, Milich took refuge in Saint-Tropez and went to Lugano in 1942. After the Liberation, he moved back to Paris.

In 1951, he traveled to Israel and produced numerous paintings. Milich continued to paint until his death in 1964. His work is exhibited in museums in France and abroad. In 1966, the city of Lugano opened the Milich Museum at Villa Ciani.


Stories of Jewish Artists of the School of Paris 1905-1939


Capitale des arts, le Paris des années 1905-1939 attire les artistes du monde entier. De cette période de foisonnement, un terme est resté, celui d'Ecole de Paris, qui recouvre une grande diversité d'expression artistique. Dans ce brassage dont Montparnasse est le creuset, un groupe se distingue : celui des artistes juifs venus de Russie, de Pologne et d'Europe centrale. Si leurs styles sont variés, un destin commun les rassemble : ils fuient l'antisémitisme de leur pays d'origine. Certains ont connu la célébrité dès les années 1920, tels Soutine, Lipchitz ou Chagall. D'autres n'ont pas eu le temps ou la chance d'y accéder. Près de la moitié a péri dans les camps de concentration nazis.

From 1905 to 1939, Paris attracted artists from all over the globe as the capital of the art world. This period of artistic proliferation became known as the School of Paris, and includes a great diversity of artistic expression. Within the teeming art world centred on Montparnasse, one group set itself apart: Jewish artists from Russia, Poland, and Central Europe. Although their styles were diverse, they shared the common fate of fleeing anti-Semitic persecutions in their home countries. Some became famous in the 1920s, such as Soutine, Lipchitz, and Chagall, while others did not have the time or the luck to gain renown. Nearly half of these artists died in Nazi concentration camps.