January 4, 2019
Gabriel ZENDEL
January 4, 2019

Fiszel ZBER (born Fiszel Zilberberg)


Fiszel Zber grew up in Plock, a romantic city in Poland where a Jewish community had settled. His father, who was a grocer, did not oppose his son’s artistic leanings. At the age of sixteen, he studied painting and engraving at the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw. He was awarded a scholarship to continue his study of engraving. He learned the woodcut technique and specialized in it. He only took an interest in painting when he arrived in Paris in 1936. In 1938, he published an album prefaced by Jacques Delaprade, which he gave to the National Library. During World War II, Zber and his wife Bender joined the Résistance. Fiszel Zber was arrested on May 14, 1941 and was interned in Pithiviers on July 4, 1942. On July 17, 1942, he was deported to Auschwitz on convoy number 6. He was murdered by the Nazis.


Stories of Jewish Artists of the School of Paris 1905-1939


Capitale des arts, le Paris des années 1905-1939 attire les artistes du monde entier. De cette période de foisonnement, un terme est resté, celui d'Ecole de Paris, qui recouvre une grande diversité d'expression artistique. Dans ce brassage dont Montparnasse est le creuset, un groupe se distingue : celui des artistes juifs venus de Russie, de Pologne et d'Europe centrale. Si leurs styles sont variés, un destin commun les rassemble : ils fuient l'antisémitisme de leur pays d'origine. Certains ont connu la célébrité dès les années 1920, tels Soutine, Lipchitz ou Chagall. D'autres n'ont pas eu le temps ou la chance d'y accéder. Près de la moitié a péri dans les camps de concentration nazis.

From 1905 to 1939, Paris attracted artists from all over the globe as the capital of the art world. This period of artistic proliferation became known as the School of Paris, and includes a great diversity of artistic expression. Within the teeming art world centred on Montparnasse, one group set itself apart: Jewish artists from Russia, Poland, and Central Europe. Although their styles were diverse, they shared the common fate of fleeing anti-Semitic persecutions in their home countries. Some became famous in the 1920s, such as Soutine, Lipchitz, and Chagall, while others did not have the time or the luck to gain renown. Nearly half of these artists died in Nazi concentration camps.