January 2, 2019
January 2, 2019

Frania HART (born Frania Feigin)


Frania Hart was born into a family of fabric merchants. She showed an interest in art at a very young age, and studied at the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw under Kostabinski. In 1921, she continued to study at an art school in Vienna and met Fritz Carp, a Viennese poet who was her companion until she arrived in France in 1928. In Paris, she enrolled in an art school, and spent time at the cafés in Montparnasse. She met painter Benjamin Raphaël Secunda, who worked as a taxi driver at that time. She participated in several group exhibitions in Paris and in Warsaw. She painted portraits and still lifes. During the war, Raphaël Secunda managed to sell some paintings, but Frania Hart had to work as a retoucher in order to survive. Their neighbor sculptor Vago-Weiss offered to hide them. Frania was arrested on July 18, 1943 and was deported on convoy number 57. Raphaël Secunda was arrested on July 22, 1942 and was deported on convoy number 9. They were both murdered by the Nazis.

Stories of Jewish Artists of the School of Paris 1905-1939


Capitale des arts, le Paris des années 1905-1939 attire les artistes du monde entier. De cette période de foisonnement, un terme est resté, celui d'Ecole de Paris, qui recouvre une grande diversité d'expression artistique. Dans ce brassage dont Montparnasse est le creuset, un groupe se distingue : celui des artistes juifs venus de Russie, de Pologne et d'Europe centrale. Si leurs styles sont variés, un destin commun les rassemble : ils fuient l'antisémitisme de leur pays d'origine. Certains ont connu la célébrité dès les années 1920, tels Soutine, Lipchitz ou Chagall. D'autres n'ont pas eu le temps ou la chance d'y accéder. Près de la moitié a péri dans les camps de concentration nazis.

From 1905 to 1939, Paris attracted artists from all over the globe as the capital of the art world. This period of artistic proliferation became known as the School of Paris, and includes a great diversity of artistic expression. Within the teeming art world centred on Montparnasse, one group set itself apart: Jewish artists from Russia, Poland, and Central Europe. Although their styles were diverse, they shared the common fate of fleeing anti-Semitic persecutions in their home countries. Some became famous in the 1920s, such as Soutine, Lipchitz, and Chagall, while others did not have the time or the luck to gain renown. Nearly half of these artists died in Nazi concentration camps.