January 3, 2019
Israël LEWIN
January 3, 2019

Rudolf LÉVY


Rudolf Lévy studied at the Danskt and Karlsruhe high schools in Germany before enrolling in a carpentry school. His dream was to paint, so he decided to go to Munich in 1899, where he joined the School of Fine Arts. There, he studied under Professor Zugel, who was a wildlife painter. In 1903, Rudolf Lévy arrived in Paris with Walter Bondy and studied in Henri Matisse’s studio. He often went back to Germany and met with gallery owner Alfred Fleichtheim. The latter organized many exhibitions in Berlin and Düsseldorf on the “Dômiers,” Le Dôme café’s regulars including Rudolf Lévy. He welcomed the first German artists who turned up at the famous café.

When World War I broke out, Rudolf Lévy was in Germany and was enlisted in the army. After the war, he returned to Paris and became head of the studio at the Académie Matisse. He was attracted by new horizons, and traveled many times to North Africa and America, where he met Pascin, Max Ernst, and Oskar Kokoschka. He returned to Germany around the time when the Nazis came to power. He took refuge in Majorca, Spain, and later in the United States for six months. In 1937, he went to the Naples area in Italy, where he met other German artists. He was gifted with several talents, and wrote poems and novels in German and in French. In 1939, Rudolf Lévy was in Florence and planned to leave for America. On December 12, 1943, he was arrested by SS soldiers. He was imprisoned in Florence before being transferred to Milan. On April 5, 1944, he was deported on convoy number 9. He was murdered in Auschwitz on April 10, 1944. His paintings and writings were destroyed.

Stories of Jewish Artists of the School of Paris 1905-1939


Capitale des arts, le Paris des années 1905-1939 attire les artistes du monde entier. De cette période de foisonnement, un terme est resté, celui d'Ecole de Paris, qui recouvre une grande diversité d'expression artistique. Dans ce brassage dont Montparnasse est le creuset, un groupe se distingue : celui des artistes juifs venus de Russie, de Pologne et d'Europe centrale. Si leurs styles sont variés, un destin commun les rassemble : ils fuient l'antisémitisme de leur pays d'origine. Certains ont connu la célébrité dès les années 1920, tels Soutine, Lipchitz ou Chagall. D'autres n'ont pas eu le temps ou la chance d'y accéder. Près de la moitié a péri dans les camps de concentration nazis.

From 1905 to 1939, Paris attracted artists from all over the globe as the capital of the art world. This period of artistic proliferation became known as the School of Paris, and includes a great diversity of artistic expression. Within the teeming art world centred on Montparnasse, one group set itself apart: Jewish artists from Russia, Poland, and Central Europe. Although their styles were diverse, they shared the common fate of fleeing anti-Semitic persecutions in their home countries. Some became famous in the 1920s, such as Soutine, Lipchitz, and Chagall, while others did not have the time or the luck to gain renown. Nearly half of these artists died in Nazi concentration camps.