January 4, 2019
January 4, 2019



Yehiel Spoliansky spent his childhood drawing and painting. In 1916, he decided to enroll in the School of Fine Arts in Odessa and completed his studies in Saint Petersburg. Around 1920, he left for Munich and joined Max Doerner’s free academy. He wrote about painting technique, a topic for which he had a passion. In order to earn his living, he restored ancient paintings supplied by antique dealers. He fled anti-Semitic persecution in Germany and settled in Paris in 1933. As he spoke Yiddish, he met many other artists from Eastern Europe on the terraces of the cafés in Montparnasse. He also befriended Hersch Fenster who was a vegetarian like him and invited Spoliansky to eat with him. On June 27, 1941, he was arrested by French police officers at Le Vésinet. He was interned for a year at the Compiegne camp and was deported and murdered in Auschwitz in 1942.


Stories of Jewish Artists of the School of Paris 1905-1939


Capitale des arts, le Paris des années 1905-1939 attire les artistes du monde entier. De cette période de foisonnement, un terme est resté, celui d'Ecole de Paris, qui recouvre une grande diversité d'expression artistique. Dans ce brassage dont Montparnasse est le creuset, un groupe se distingue : celui des artistes juifs venus de Russie, de Pologne et d'Europe centrale. Si leurs styles sont variés, un destin commun les rassemble : ils fuient l'antisémitisme de leur pays d'origine. Certains ont connu la célébrité dès les années 1920, tels Soutine, Lipchitz ou Chagall. D'autres n'ont pas eu le temps ou la chance d'y accéder. Près de la moitié a péri dans les camps de concentration nazis.

From 1905 to 1939, Paris attracted artists from all over the globe as the capital of the art world. This period of artistic proliferation became known as the School of Paris, and includes a great diversity of artistic expression. Within the teeming art world centred on Montparnasse, one group set itself apart: Jewish artists from Russia, Poland, and Central Europe. Although their styles were diverse, they shared the common fate of fleeing anti-Semitic persecutions in their home countries. Some became famous in the 1920s, such as Soutine, Lipchitz, and Chagall, while others did not have the time or the luck to gain renown. Nearly half of these artists died in Nazi concentration camps.